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What was the capital of Brazil before Brasilia?Answer – Rio de Janeiro – Brasilia is a relatively recent world capital. Planned and built from scratch in the Brazilian highlands, the city replaced the former capital of Rio de Janeiro upon its inauguration in 1960. The iconic city — with its Christ the Redeemer statue, world-famous beaches like Copacabana, and, of course, Carnival — served as Brazil’s capital for around 200 years. It became the capital of the Portuguese Empires in 1763, replacing Salvador, and even became the seat of Portuguese government in 1815 — one of the rare cases in history where the capital of a colonizing country relocated to one of the colonies themselves. So why did Brazil relocate its capital to Brasilia? Government officials began to question as far back as the 1800s if Rio de Janeiro, with its coastal location that made it vulnerable to attacks, was the best location for the country’s capital — a more central, inland location could better unify the nation, as well as exert Brazil’s newfound independence from its former colonizer. The only problem was that the area was underdeveloped, which is why Brazil decided to build its new capital from the ground up. :
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